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Living in Internet, Who are We? 21世纪演讲稿解题思路  

2010-10-13 08:21:46|  分类: 21世纪杯英语演讲 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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"Every new generation needs to redefine 'right' and 'wrong' in its own terms and according to the conditions of its own time."

 

每一代人都要根据自己时代的情况和自己的说法来重新定义对与错。

 

1.       We should define some new items for better understanding of the development of techniques and enhancing the quality of our life.

2.       However, rashness of redefining the terms may cause detrimental effects to our society. Such as the sex liberty in the U.S., which led to dramatic rise in juvenile delinquency.

3.       Meanwhile, we should give no doubt to axioms.




Every person has their own ideas, according to the situation of their epoch. These ideas often change with the development of the society. The criterion of the definition about “right” and “wrong” also has different understanding in different ages. Consequently, people in different epoch should redefine “right” and ”wrong” by the conditions of their own ages.

There are no absolute right and wrong in the world. The definition of the “right” and “wrong” from general understandings of values and the reality of the world is limited by specific conditions of the era. With the updating comprehensions of the world and the development of the societal status, criteria and the definition always alter. Therefore, it is inevitable to obtain different explanations about the right and wrong. The evolution of economic theories could illustrate this clearly. The Keynesianism, as a mainstream theory after the Great Depression in 1930’s, emphasizes the importance of expanding the valid demand. During the time of absent valid demand, this theory worked efficiently and was considered as “right” in that times. However, in the 1970’s, the situation changed, the shortage in the world’s economy was not the demand but the supply, resulting in this theory outdated and “wrong”. The supply school, a theory advocating reducing taxes, leads the American economy to get rid of the stagflation and becomes the theory basis for American government in 1980’s. Although this theory might be considered as “wrong” in 1930’s, it is redefined to be “right” in new times.

The incessant progress of society, in a sense, is promoted by the regular redefinition of “right” and “wrong”. Take Renaissance, happened from fourteen century to seventeen century in Europe, for an example. As we know, the belief that people are governed by God was an adamantine view being deemed as this “right” before this transitional movement. It is Renaissance that accelerates the idea to a new one that people is the focus in the world. What is more, it is the beginning of Europe adopting the new ideology and getting ahead of the East which was still persisting with the old ideology. Hence, some ideas which were considered as “right” in old times sometimes could turn into the cause as impediments for social advancement. Only if people break through these obstacles, in another word, amending the “right” in old times to the “right” in new ages, society could make a progress.

Although it is important to give new explanations about “right” and “wrong” in new times, we could not ignore that new generations should use the old “right” as references, and gain their new “right” by revising old ones. As one theory in philosophy, the essence of things is not altered with the change of ages, indicating that the old “right” sometimes is not absolutely wrong, but only need to be revised. For instance, Constitution of the United States, passed in 1787, has a regulation that the Indians and slaves representing thirty-five percent of population did not have equal political rights. This regulation seemed as “right” in that times since it truly maintained peaceful in America. However, with the rethinking about the racialism and assimilating some advantages from the Bill of Right, the Supreme Court prohibited all forms of racialism, as the new “right” standard nowadays.

To sum up, with the development of the societal status, new generation should redefine “right” and “wrong”, on the basis of revising other than totally discarding, which will promote the social progress. (575 words)


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